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What is Web Hosting? Web Hosting Explained for Beginners

What is Web Hosting? Web Hosting Explained for Beginners

Thinking to start your own blog or website?
Then web hosting is one of the most important topic you should know about after domain names.
Behind every website you visit, there is a web hosting service.

Things needed to build a website

  •  Domain name – name of your website like pcheaven.in, facebook.com etc,
  • Web hosting – an online service that allows you to publish your website on the internet and also store your files and data.

And of course a little bit of research
Domains have already been discussed in one our previous articles. But we can definitely have a brief note on it before we start with our topic.

Domain name

A domain name is simply the physical address of your website that people type in their browsers to reach your website.

Every website has a unique and complicated series of numbers called ip address of the website. But since numbers are difficult to memorize, we use a combination of letters.

The domain name basically functions as a link to IP address as it is more human friendly.

For example an IP address may look like this 23.137.4.221 but a domain can be as easier as you want like mix.com, website.com, ntirety.com.

In this beginners guide, we’ll explain in detail everything you need to know about web hosting, it’s types and utilities.

What is Web hosting?

Web hosting is an online service that gives you the place where all the files of a website live. It is the home of your website where it actually lives while domain name is the address of the home.

When a hosting provider allocates space on a web server for your website to store its files, they are hosting a website. The amount of space provided on a server to a website depends on the type of hosting.
Shared, Dedicated , VPS, Cloud Hosting are some of the main types of hosting. They are differentiated because of the kind of technology they use for the server, the level of management provided and the additional services on your purchase.

If you are purchasing a hosting plan from a web hosting provider, then it means that you are renting their server space to store your website data, such as HTML and CSS files, media content, and other documents.

Every website you’ve ever visited is hosted on a server. Just because of web hosting, a website or web application is accessible on the internet.

How does web hosting works?

Before starting your new website or online branding, you need to search for a web hosting service that will supply you with that server space.
Web host lets you store all your files, assets, and databases of a website on the server. Whenever someone types your domain name into the address bar of their browser, your host transfers all the files available on the server according to the user’s need.

A server is basically a physical computer that runs without any interruption so that a website is available all the time for users.

The web host provider keeps that server up and running, protecting it from malicious attacks, and transferring your content — such as text, images, files, etc. — from the server to a visitors’ browsers.

Types of Web Hosting:

There are different types of Web hosting provider available. We’ll discuss some of the most popular ones.

  1. Shared Hosting
  2. Dedicated Hosting
  3. VPS Hosting
  4. Cloud Hosting

Your choice of hosting server depends on the need of your website, whether you are thinking of a simple personal or any large online business.

Choosing a web hosting service is like looking for a office space, according to the space needed, your budget, location etc.

It’s suggested to start small and when your site reaches higher traffic numbers, you can always upgrade to a more advanced type of plan.

Types of Web Hosting: shared hosting
image credit: hapihhost

1. Shared Hosting:

As the name implies, in share hosting a single computing server hosts numerous websites. Most of the beginners go for this one as it is pocket-friendly and comparatively easy to use.
The number of websites that share a single server can host a few to hundreds of websites.

Hosted websites share all their resources such as memory, computing power, disk space, and others.

Pros of Shared Hosting:

• Budget-friendly, best for small businesses and startups
• You don’t need to be a tech savvy, as no specific technical knowledge is required
• Easy to use
• Website owners can host multiple sites and handle more than one site projects
• Will take care of your server configuration and handle server tasks like updating software and security tools

Cons of Shared Hosting:

• Not appropriate for large scale branding and projects
• Owners will be restricted from doing any modifications
• Security issues- websites will be vulnerable to hacking attempts with this type of hosting.
• Traffic of other websites can slow your website

Types of Web Hosting: dedicated hosting
image credit: vikashtech

2. Dedicated Hosting:

Dedicated hosting allows you to have your own physical server that’s dedicated solely to your website only.

So you have incredible flexibility over how you want to manage your website on the server. You can configure your server as your need, choose the operating system and software you want to use, and set up the whole hosting environment according to your own requirement.

It’s only recommend when a website has a lot of traffic or when more server control is required like in the case of large and established online businesses.

Pros of Dedicated Hosting:

•Control – Complete access over server configuration
• Flexibility – Business owners can easily change server configurations, add new software and adjust resources to meet their needs.
• Security – Unlike shared hosting, it has high reliability and security options

Cons of Dedicated Hosting:

• It is an expensive hosting service, not every website owner can afford this much cost at the beginning.
• You should have some technical and server management knowledge

Types of Web Hosting: VPS hosting
image credit: idealbloghub

3. VPS Hosting:

Virtual private server (VPS) hosting is a type of web hosting service that also hosts several accounts on a single server just like shared hosting but the difference is that it provides dedicated resources for each of the users.
Even the server is shared with other accounts, your web host will provide you with an entirely separate partition on that server.

Pros of VPS Hosting:

• Root access – Website owners can modify the server and install any software that suits their hosting needs.
• Secure – Users will have more control in securing their server, such as adding additional security tools and putting up firewalls. Using a VPS also lowers the risk of a site being impacted by hacking attempts intended for some other user.

Cons of VPS Hosting:

• Expense – It’s cost is more than shared hosting but cheaper than dedicated hosting.
• To work with this Hosting service should have some technical knowledge.

Types of Web Hosting: cloud hosting
image credit: hostnoc

4. Cloud Hosting:

It has the simplicity of shared hosting and power and reliability of VPS. It is very different from the traditional hosting services which are mentioned above.

Instead of hosting the website on a single server, it’s spread across multiple servers and your files and resources are replicated on each server.

When one of the cloud servers is engaged or encounters a problem, your traffic is automatically routed to another server in the cluster. This results in little to no downtime, which is excellent if you own a very busy website with a lot of traffic.

Pros of Cloud Hosting:

• Smple server management, which allows users to quickly scale and keep a track of the hosting metrics such as data transfer, disk usage activity, and CPU utilization.
• Little or no downtime
Scalability – If your website’s traffic fluctuates, cloud hosting can scale up or down as required by tapping into the resources of more virtual machines in the cloud.
Flexibility – In cloud hosting, you only pay for what you use. If the trafficffic goes up, your host scales up resources, and you pay for the extra. But if traffic goes down, then your host scales down resources, and thus you’ll pay lesser.

Cons of Cloud Hosting:

• With price starting from $10 per month, it is obviously more expensive than shared hosting, but affordable than dedicated hosting.
• it’s difficult to estimate the actuall cost
• Root access is not always provided to the website owners

Conclusion

In simple terms, if anyone wishes to build a website then they’ll need web hosting to store their website’s files and make them accessible for visitors worldwide.
Hope you will now be able to understand the importance of web hosting and it’s working.

Hope you enjoyed reading this article about What is Web Hosting? Web Hosting Explained for Beginners.
For any further queries or suggestions you can write down to us below or contact us here.

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